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These missteps are really 6 weeds from the same root: a rejection of God’s goodness.
The Gospel says, in Matthew 12:32, “And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever speaks against the holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.”
This frightening exhortation refers to the sin of rejecting God’s grace; it is a rejection of God’s offer of salvation—complete rejection of the actions, incessant invitations, and warnings of the Holy Spirit.
The will of a person who could commit this sin is so hardened that he doesn’t want God’s mercy, and he rejects His goodness.
Sin against the Holy Spirit is thus “unforgivable” precisely because it is the sinner himself who keeps God from forgiving him. As God respects the freedom with which He created us, He also respects a sinner’s decision to firmly refuse to be forgiven.
Pope Saint Pius X taught in his Catechism that there are six elements of this sin against the Holy Spirit:
1. Despairing of salvation.
This is when a person loses hope of salvation, judging that his eternal life is already lost and that he is condemned, even before Judgment. It means judging divine mercy as being small. It means not believing in God’s justice and power.